Immigration To Germany



Immigration To Germany

Germany has been reported to be a good place to live and work, and the country is becoming more attractive than ever. German reunification in 1990 set the stage for high immigration rates, which peaked in 1992. The favorable economic situation and continued stability in the labor market are attributed to the positive balance.

The gap between immigration and emigration increased from 2010 to 2015. The high positive balance of migration of foreigners in 2015 is undoubtedly attributed to the high migration of refugees, which decreased by almost half in 2016 which led to more people coming to Germany to develop their careers.

The influx of young immigrants helped in closing the labor shortage gap that is predictable due to low birth rates. In 2019, the number of inhabitants in the country was 83 million people and the average age was 44.5 years. Thus making it impossible for the younger generations in Germany to replace the older generation.

Young immigrants fill this demographic gap by remaining available on the German job market for a long period of time, thus reducing the gap of qualified personnel and contributing to the well-being and economic success of the country. For this, it is essential that they have the necessary qualifications.

Recent Immigrants are better qualified, as more and more immigrants of working age have a higher education degree, which has led to the profile of immigrants to improve considerably in recent years. The percentage of immigrants aged 25 to 65 with an academic degree increased from 2005 to 2016 to the point of being practically on a par with the German population of the same age. The possibilities that university graduates have the chances of immigrating to Germany on a permanent basis are some of the reasons that increased this group of immigrants who arrive in Germany.

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Since the validation law in 2012, prospective immigrants and those already present in the country can have their degrees validated in Germany.

This step is essential for those immigrants who are not members of the EU, do not have a higher education degree, and want to obtain a work permit in Germany, likewise, EU citizens working in a regulated profession such as doctors or lawyers, also need to certify their title to be able to practice in Germany. The chances of success are great. The total number of positive decisions regarding the recognition of qualifications of foreign professionals increased from 7,980 in 2012 to 34,695 in 2019. Of these, 50.2% even reached full equivalence, therefore, immigrants have good prospects regarding job search and the start of their career in Germany

Since 2016, more than 6,000 international scientists worked in German research centers. It is especially gratifying to be able to affirm that more and more researchers from the so-called stem (mathematics, computer science, natural sciences, and technology), which find their way to Germany. In recent years, the number of scientists from fields such as mathematics, natural sciences, and engineering has increased significantly (Quelle: DAAD 2019). As a highly specialized industrial location, Germany needs the expertise of these researchers to strengthen its innovation capacity and international competitiveness.

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